John Chrysostom

John Chrysostom
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  • Item #: X170
St. John Chrysostom November 13/26 John was born in Antioch in the year 354. His father Secundus, was an imperial commander and his mother?s name was Anthusa. Studying Greek Philosophy, John became disgusted with Hellenic paganism and adopted the Christian Faith as the one all-embracing truth. Meletius, Patriarch of Antioch, baptized John, and his parents also received baptism. Following his parents? repose, John was tonsured a monk and lived a strict life of asceticism. He wrote a book, ?On the Priesthood?, after which the Holy Apostles, John and Peter, appeared to him and prophesied that he would have a life of great service, great grace and great suffering. When he was to be ordained, a priest, an angel of God appeared simultaneously to John and to the patriarch Flavius (Meletius? successor). While the Patriarch was ordaining John, a white dove was seen hovering over John?s head. Glorified for his wisdom, asceticism and power of words, John was chosen as Patriarch of Constantinople at the behest of the Emperor Arcadius. As Patriarch, he governed the Church for six years with unequaled zeal and wisdom. He sent missionaries to the pagan Celts and Sythians and eradicated simony in the Church, deposing many bishops guilty of this vice. He extended the charitable works of the church and wrote a special order of the Divine Liturgy. He shamed the heretics, denounced the Empress Eudoxia, interpreted the Holy Scriptures with his golden mind and tongue, and bequeathed the Church many books of his homilies. The people glorified him, the envious loathed him and the Empress, on two occasions, sent him into exile. John spent three years in exile, and reposed as an exile on the Feast of the Elevation of the Precious and Life-giving Cross, September 14, 407, in the town of Comana in Georgia. Before his repose, the Holy Apostles appeared to him again with the Holy Martyr Basiliscus (May 22) in whose church he received Communion for the last time. His last words were, "Glory to God for all things".
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